Mobile applications have become an indispensable part of our life. They made our life easy and let us communicate with people just by sitting at home. Be it shopping, socializing, gaming, Banking, watching movies, etc., there’s hardly anything left that we can’t do with mobile applications.

According to Buildfire, Mobile applications are expected to generate a revenue of over $935 billion by 2023, and around 49% of people open a mobile application about 11+ times a day.

Although mobile applications made everyone’s life effortless, these apps have set a benchmark for different mobile app development companies.

Mobile app developers have to look for plenty of things and face many challenges to compete with the app already present in the market. They have to develop something unique so the app can be successful in play stores or app stores. If one has the correct knowledge of mobile app technologies, one can come up with something different.

Keeping in mind the same, we have made a list of 7 latest mobile app technologies for startups that you can use for Android app development and iOS app development.

List of Top Programming Languages for Mobile App Development

1. Java

“According to Developer Economics, the software developers that work on Java reached 8 million software engineers globally.”

Java is an object-oriented programming language that was developed in 1995 by Sun Microsystems. It is one of the more secure languages and is famous for creating an android application.

Some of the top java application development features are secure applications, Scrum methodology for transparency and performance, and 100% consumer satisfaction.

Java is an easy to handle language, which is in the industry since the introduction of Android in 2008. It offers open-source libraries, which are essential for making different types of Android applications precisely.

Some essential features of the java programming language are Extensive Versatility, Reliable robustness, memory management, high performance, and documentation support.

Some of the apps built using java are Bitcoin wallet for Android, Telegram for Android, VLC media player, Seeweather, and many more.

2. Python

“According to slash data, the number of python developers is deliberately getting closer to java in terms of popularity.”

Python is a time-honored programming language that you can use for making different mobile applications. It is an object-oriented language combined with dynamic typic and dynamic binding.

Python is one of the simple and easy to understand languages and therefore reduces the program maintenance cost. It is the most loved language by programmers because it’s flexible and leads to increased productivity.

It is a general-purpose coding language, which means that it is not restricted to web development, unlike other languages like CSS and HTML. You can use it for different types of programming and software development, including back-end development and data science, among other things.

Some of the python programming language’s core features are GUI programming support, Extensible, Large standard library, Easy to code, and portable language.

Some of the popular apps like YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest are built using python.

3. Swift

Swift is one of the fastest-growing programming languages introduced by Apple inc. in 2014. The programming done in swift is very easy and fast, and also it is safe by design.

Their main objective is to make programming simple and easy to understand. You can use it on any platform like mobile devices, desktop, and cloud. Some of the core features it offers are Robust error Handling, Advanced control flow, Generics, and Functional programming patterns.

Swift is a powerful language mainly used by apple developers who use it for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, and more.

The popular apps developed using this language are Linkedin, Lyft, and Hipmunk.

4. Kotlin

Developed by JetBrains in 2010, Kotlin is a general-purpose and open-source statically typed programming language designed for JVM ( Java Virtual Machine), Android, Javascript, and Native.

Kotlin language can be helpful for both Object-Oriented and Functional programming purposes.

Some of the kotlin language features are High-order functions, smart casting, extension function, and lambdas, which allow you to write expressive code, and you can create DSL using this language.

You can use the kotlin programming language for Android development, Server side development, web development, Desktop development, and Native development.

“According to Stack flow, Kotlin is gaining popularity among software developers and Promptly outranking other programming languages.”

The popular apps developed using kotlin are Coursera, Basecamp, Keepsafe, and Evernote.

5. Flutter

Developed by Google, Flutter is an open-source UI software development kit (SKT). By using flutter, developers can create high-quality, Cross-platform applications for both android and iOS platforms, Which means you can make an application that can run on both iOS and Android platforms.

Flutter uses the Dart language in developing apps, which Google also created in 2011. You can use Dart language for making both mobile and web applications.

“According to Google, Around 5,00,000 Software developers are using flutter monthly.”

Some of the key benefits of using flutter are maximum productivity, Great documentation, Splendid and creative design, Cross-platform framework, Quick code development, and great UI for making beautiful designs.

Popular apps developed using flutter are Google Ads and Reflect.

6. R Programming

Developed by GNU Project, R is a language that is used for statistical computing and graphics. It is similar to the S language (created by John chamber), but the implementation between both these languages are different.

Statisticians primarily use R programming for developing statistical software and data analysis.

Data analysis in R programming is done on a step by step basis, which involves Programming, transforming, Discovering, Modelling, and Communicating.

R language provides several statistical varieties, including (linear and nonlinear modeling, classical statistical tests, time-series analysis, classification, clustering). It allows you to create powerful machine learning algorithms.

Some of the key features of the R language are:

  • Effective data handling
  • Graphical facilities for data analysis
  • Data Analysis Tools
  • Operators for calculation of Arrays

7. React Native

Launched by Facebook in 2015, React Native is an open-source mobile application framework for building native iOS and Android apps using javascript. React Native works on native components instead of web components to provide a user interface (UI).

It uses the identical design as React and lets you create a rich user interface. With React Native, one can build a real mobile application that is identical to an app developed using Java languages.

“According to the 2020 developers survey, Around 42 percent of the software developers worldwide use React Native”.

Some features of React Native are Cross-Device user experience, Web and Apps building using javascript, Native Components, Third-party integrations, and much more.

Apps created using this framework can run on multiple platforms like Android, iOS, macOS, tvOS, and Web platforms. Some of the favorite apps built using React Native are Facebook, Myntra, and UberEats.


That ends our list of 7 latest mobile app development technologies for startups. Are you looking to create a mobile app for your startup?

If yes, then the above 7 mobile application technologies will help you create a unique and robust mobile app for your startup. You can also hire a custom mobile app development company that will use the above latest technologies to provide you a feature-rich mobile application.


Q1: What Software is used to develop mobile apps?

A1: Mobile app development software lets people of all skill levels build mobile applications for their businesses. Some of the top mobile app development software are:

  • Appy Pie
  • Buildfire
  • TheAppBuilder
  • AppMachine
  • BiznessApps
  • AppMakr

Q2: What are the top mobile development trends in 2021?

A2: Some of the top mobile development trends that are going to impact mobile industries in 2021 are:-

  • Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP)
  • AR and VR
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • More focus on Security
  • Wearable devices
  • Cloud-Driven Mobile Apps
  • Internet Of Thing (IoT)

Q3: What kinds of Apps are in demand in 2021?

A3: Mobile Applications are now inseparable from us and made our life a lot easier than it was before. Some of the mobile applications ideas that you can consider building in 2021 are:

  • Mall Navigation App
  • Parking Apps
  • Beauty Service Apps
  • Text Reader Applications
  • Fitness and Health Apps
  • Exam Preparation Apps
  • Goal Tracking Apps