Web programming languages can be used to define and explain complex logical instructions and processes. What programming languages are especially good for the web? What are they used for? Which languages are fairly easy to learn? Which is the best programming language for web development?

List of Top 10 Programming Languages Needed for Website Development in 2021

The top-10 most in-demand programming languages for Web Development in 2021, are mentioned in the below list:

1. Ruby

Ruby is a high-level programming language, which was developed by Yukihiro Matsumo in the mid-90s. It is an object-oriented programming language that features dynamic typing and reflection as well as automatic garbage collection. Its object-oriented focus is what makes Ruby standout from other languages. Ruby’s syntax is conveniently flexible. For example, the use of brackets is optional. This makes Ruby really easy to understand and also makes it appear like a markup language. Even though Ruby is a simple programming language it is really deep. Programmers can generate metaphors, alter the inheritance hierarchy, and modify another constant in Ruby as they see fit.


2. Python

Python is a popular programming language. Python can be used to create high-quality and scalable web applications because it is fast, simple to use, and really easy to deploy. YouTube, Instagram, and Pinterest are empowered by Python. Python provides remarkable library support and has a huge developer community. Python can be used for developing both web and desktop applications, machine learning, data science, and network servers. The programming language offers a lot of open-source libraries, frameworks, and modules that make application development an easy and interesting task. For example, Python offers Django and Flask, popular libraries for web development and TensorFlow, Keras, and SciPy for data science applications.


3. Java

Java is one of the most widely accepted programming languages used for developing server-side applications. For designing and creating Android apps Java is the best and the most practical option as it can be used to create highly functional programs and platforms.
This object-oriented programming language does not demand a specific hardware infrastructure, is easily manageable, and has a good level of security. It is easy to learn Java. Java can run on multiple software applications Many firms rely on Java for their desktop applications and backend development projects.


4. JavaScript

JavaScript is also known as NodeJS. It is a popular language among web developers who need to work on server-side and client-side programming. It can also be integrated with several other programming languages such as HTML and C++, allowing you to create attractive animations and manage multimedia. Because of its high speed and regular annual updates, JavaScript is extremely popular in the IT domain. Well-known applications such as PayPal, Uber, and even Netflix utilize JavaScript to create dynamic web pages that are secure and fast.


5. Rust

Rust has been developed and launched by the Mozilla Corporation, it is a programming language that caters to low-level systems programming. Rust lays more emphasis on speed and security. Rust concentrates on writing “safe code” by protecting programs from accessing parts of memory that they shouldn’t, which can cause system crashes. Rust is a great opportunity for web developers. Rust’s safety means that even if you’re a beginner, you can be confident that once your code compiles, it’s free from the most dangerous bugs of traditional systems programming. Tech companies, like Dropbox and Coursera, are already starting to use it internally.


6. Go

Go, also referred to as GoLang, is a programming language backed by Google. Go provides support for multithreading. Organizations that rely on distributed systems heavily prefer GoLang.It provides all the users ease of use and good readability. Go also enables incredible integration and solves a myriad of issues. Most of the startups based in silicon valley use GoLang.


7. PHP -Hypertext Preprocessor

PHP also called Hypertext Preprocessor is one of the most popular backend programming languages. This programming language can be great for creating web pages. It holds gigantic community support and a huge ecosystem. It boasts of lots of automation tools for testing and deploying applications. There are many excellent automation tools for deploying and testing web applications. It supports object-oriented and functional programming aspects. The major benefits of working with PHP are its broad support for a wide variety of databases and its efficient integration of internet protocol. PHP has had several updates since its creation and is presently on version 7. This language is available free of charge.

8. SQL- Structured Query Language

SQL is a database query language. It is domain-specific and is used to manage relational databases and manipulate the data stored inside them. Developers utilize SQL statements to carry out tasks in MySQL, Server, Oracle, MariaDB, Access, and PostgreSQL and other well-known databases. Using SQL allows you to compile data from different databases and use it to cater to your website to your target audience.


9. C++

C++ is a case-sensitive, and general-purpose programming language. It helps businesses in web development by offering the extended functionality of low-level memory manipulation.

Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979, C++ is basically an object-oriented programming language that stands by and functions in accordance with the four principles of inheritance, encapsulation, polymorphism, and data hiding.


10. Swift

Swift was introduced in 2014 by Apple. It is the latest programming language used to develop dynamic, high-performance, macOS, native iOS, watchOS, tvOS, iPadOS, z/OS, and Linux web applications. Swift is an in-demand open-source tool and is really secure because its design enables coders to write clean and readable code in a consistent manner. And perhaps the major advantage of choosing Swift is its speed. It boasts of Full stack potential, Interoperability, and Better scalability.

These are some of the most efficient programming languages that can be used for Web Development in 2020.

Must Read: Do you know the Best Web Development Companies in India and the US?

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Q1- Which programming language is best for web development?

A1- You can utilize any of the above-mentioned programming languages for web development. However, Java is considered as the most secure, scalable, and highly portable programming language. It is easier to integrate Java applications with the latest technologies such as AR/VR, Artificial Intelligence, IoT, and cloud development. Using Java for web development will also give you access to it’s excellent IDE’s which will boost your productivity to a higher level.

Q2- What programming language are most websites written in?

A2- The most popular programming language is Java. It is great for software, application, game, and online content development. Acrobat reader, Netflix, Google Earth, Uber, Pinterest, Spotify, and eBay are a few well-known applications developed using Javascript.

Q3- Which programming language should I learn first for Web development?

A3- Depends on what type of application you want to develop. You can start with Javascript as along with HTML and CSS this scripting language is essential for front-end development. For enterprise app development learning Ruby will be a good starting point as it has a straightforward syntax and is known for its active community.